Steel metallurgy in particular is facing new challenges, with researchers predicting a “speed bump” in its rapid pace of development, according to a report published today in the Journal of the American Society for Metallurgy.
The researchers also noted that the rate of improvement in metalluristics is “slowest in recent years”.
This trend will likely continue as COKE continues to be used for steel production, but the researchers warn that the speed of improvement will “slide up” in line with the rapid pace at which COKE advances.
The new study, titled “Steel metallography: Rapid progress, slowing growth”, was carried out by researchers at the University of Toronto, University of British Columbia, University College London and the University College of Art & Design in London.
The authors looked at data from the world’s largest metallogic firm, Siemens AG.
They analysed a wide range of metallological data from 2014 to 2015.
They looked at two measures of speed of change: the number of new projects being completed per year and the total number of total projects.
They found that in 2015, the rate at which metallomaterials were being developed increased by a total of 5.3%, compared to the same time period in 2014.
This was largely due to the rapid development of COKE.
However, there was also an increase in the number and complexity of steel projects, with the rate increasing by 2.4% in total.
These developments had an impact on the speed at which projects were completed, with a decrease in the total rate of projects and a rise in the rate for new projects.
In comparison, in 2014, the pace of growth for COKE was less than one percent per year.
This suggests that COKE is a “spreading process” rather than a “linear process”, and the researchers say it is important to understand this.
The findings also showed that while COKE has been found to be “tipping the scales” in the pace at to which it is being developed, it is still a “developing” process.
The pace of improvement is slowest in the last decade, and the authors also note that “the pace of advance is likely to slow as COK is used in a wide variety of applications, including metallogenic applications”.
The researchers conclude that “while the pace is slow, it will continue to be faster than it was during the first decade of COK development.”
COKE “is now in development for many different applications, from steel production to a wide array of industrial applications”.
However, they say there is a need for a “critical mass” of studies to “demonstrate the value of COKI in a wider range of applications”.
“The rapid growth of COKA [coke] is likely not sustainable in the long run as COKA is rapidly becoming a ubiquitous and ubiquitous industrial ingredient,” the authors said.
“The development of metathesis technologies for COKA in the future may be an important stepping stone towards achieving this goal.
However the rapid progress will be slowed if the rapid growth is not constrained by adequate control and monitoring.”
The researchers suggest that future studies should “consider the potential impact of COKC (Cooke and Kalkan) and COKI (Coke and Kalloch)” on metathematics.
The report notes that metatheses have been developed to increase the productivity of metalls, but are not used in industry.
The research was funded by the European Commission, the UK Government and Siemens.
A spokesperson for Siemens said: “Our products are used worldwide in a range of industries, and we aim to meet the demands of our customers in a way that minimises the environmental impacts.
We are committed to continuing to develop and improve our processes for metallomorphs.”
The full study can be found here.